Cancer is a collection of diseases that develop unusual cell growth with the capacity to attack or expand to other parts of the body. These show up with mild tumours, which do not evolve rapidly. Feasible indications and signs include a lump, abnormal bleeding, extended cough, unusual weight loss, and a difference in bowel movements. While these signs may mean cancer, they can also have other reasons. There are over 100 kinds of cancers that affect humans. The most usual types of cancer in males include lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and stomach cancer. In women, the most frequent kinds are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, and cervical cancer.
In this article, Dr Sandeep Nayak, who is one of the best oncologists in India and holds 19 plus years of experience with his outstanding operational talent, describes stomach Cancer. He also has expertise in Thoracic, Gastrointestinal and Gynecologic Cancer. According to Dr.
“Changes and innovations in technology in recent times are covering the way for the high-level operation modes like least invasive cancer surgery, or indifferent terms, we can say, laparoscopic and robotic surgery, in the field of oncology.”
What is stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer is defined by a growth of cancerous cells within the wall of the stomach. Also termed gastric cancer, this kind of cancer is challenging to treat because most people generally don’t show signs in the earlier stages.
While stomach cancer is almost rare as compared to other kinds of cancer, one of the most significant risks of this disease is the severity of operating it. As stomach cancer typically doesn’t make any initial symptoms, it usually goes ignored until after it reaches to other parts of the body. This makes it more challenging to treat.
Though stomach cancer can be challenging to treat and heal, it’s essential to get the information you need to overcome the disease.
What causes stomach cancer?
Your abdomen (with the oesophagus) is just one section of the upper area of your digestive tract. Your stomach is useful for digesting food and then moving the protein along to the rest of your digestive organs, specifically the small and large intestines.
Stomach cancer happens when healthy cells within the upper digestive system grow cancerous and grow out of control, developing into a tumour. This method occurs slowly. Stomach cancer leads to develop over many years.
Symptoms of stomach cancer
According to Dr Sandeep Nayak, there are generally no early indications or symptoms of stomach cancer. Sadly, this means that people usually don’t know anything is wrong till cancer has arrived at an advanced stage.
Some of the most typical signs of advanced stomach cancer are:
- illness and vomiting
- persistent heartburn
- loss of eating quantity, sometimes followed by sudden weight loss
- consistent bloating
- immediate satiety (feeling full after consuming only a small amount)
- bloody poop
- extreme weakness
- stomach pain, which may be more serious after meals
How is it diagnosed?
Since people with stomach cancer significantly fewer show symptoms in the early steps, the disease is often not treated until it’s more complicated.
To make a treatment, your doctor will first conduct a physical exam to inspect for any abnormalities. They may also request a blood test, involving a test for the residence of H. pylori bacteria.
More indicative tests will need to be done if your surgeon believes that you show symptoms of stomach cancer. Diagnostic tests especially look for doubted tumours and other anomalies in the stomach and oesophagus. These inspections may include:
- an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
- a biopsy
- imaging analyses, such as CT scans and X-rays
Preventing stomach cancer
Stomach cancer alone can’t be stopped. Still, you can lower your chance of developing all cancers by:
- keeping a healthy weight
- having a balanced, low-fat diet
- stop smoking
- training regularly
In some cases, surgeons may give pills that can help lower the chance of stomach cancer. This is normally done for people who have other illnesses that may add to cancer.
You may also need to consider making an early screening test. This test can help to detect stomach cancer. Your surgeon may use one of the following screening tests to inspect for symptoms of stomach cancer:
- physical test
- lab tests, such as haemoglobin and urine tests
- imaging methods, such as X-rays and CT scans
- genetic inspection
Things to take care
- If you’re fat or obese, discuss to your doctor about plans to help you lose weight. Try for a slow and steady weight loss of 1 or 2 pounds a week.
- Try to include more fruits and vegetables in your diet every day. Take a wide variety of colourful fruits and vegetables.
- Preserve your stomach by restricting these foods.
- If you fume, quit. If you don’t smoke, don’t begin. Smoking raises your chance of stomach cancer, as well as many other kinds of cancer. Stopping smoking can be very challenging, so ask your surgeon for help.
- Discuss with your doctor if you have an enhanced risk of stomach cancer. Individuals with a strong family trait of stomach cancer might think for tests, such as endoscopy, to inspect for signs of stomach cancer.