What Is Stage 4 Kidney Disease And What Are Its Symptoms?


If you have been diagnosed with stage 4 kidney disease, it is important to understand what this means for your health. This article will provide an overview of the condition, including its symptoms, causes, and treatment options. It will also offer some tips on how to cope with the disease and make the most of your life.

What is stage 4 kidney disease?

Stage 4 kidney disease is a progressive kidney condition that is characterized by a severe decrease in kidney function. In stage 4, the kidneys are only able to filter a fraction of the blood that they normally would and are not able to remove waste products from the body as effectively. This can lead to a build-up of toxins in the blood and can eventually lead to kidney failure.

Symptoms of stage 4 kidney disease

The most common symptom of stage 4 kidney disease is fatigue. This is because the kidneys are not able to remove waste from the blood as effectively as they should, which can lead to a build-up of toxins in the body. Other symptoms include:

– Shortness of breath

– Swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs

– Difficulty sleeping

– Nausea and vomiting

– Loss of appetite

– Weight loss

– Muscle cramps

– Changes in urination, such as less frequent urination or urine that is foamy or bloody

Causes of stage 4 kidney disease

There are many possible causes of stage 4 kidney disease. Some common causes include high blood pressure, diabetes, and a family history of kidney disease. Other less common causes include autoimmune diseases, infections, and certain medications.

In most cases, the exact cause of stage 4 kidney disease is unknown. However, there are some risk factors that may increase your chances of developing the condition. These include being over the age of 60, being African American or Hispanic, having a family history of kidney disease, and having diabetes or high blood pressure.

Living with stage 4 kidney disease

“Living with stage 4 kidney disease can be difficult. The symptoms can be severe and the treatment options can be limited. However, there are things that you can do to make your life easier. Here are some tips for living with stage 4 kidney disease:

  1. Learn as much as you can about the disease. The more you know, the better equipped you will be to manage your condition.
  1. Stay positive. It is important to maintain a positive outlook despite the challenges you may face.
  1. Seek support from family and friends. They can provide emotional support and help you with practical tasks such as transportation or childcare.
  1. Join a support group for people with kidney disease. This can be a great way to meet others who are facing similar challenges and to share information and tips.
  1. Follow your treatment plan closely. This is essential for managing your condition and keeping your symptoms under control.”


In conclusion, stage 4 kidney disease is a serious condition that can lead to many complications. If you are diagnosed with this condition, it is important to work closely with your healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. There are many different treatment options available, and the best course of action will vary from person to person. With proper treatment, many people with stage 4 kidney disease are able to live long and healthy lives.